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ENVIRONMENT AND ARCHITECTURE


Green Infrastructure in Quezon City

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Implementing Rules and Regulation for Green Infrastructure


The Implementing Rules and Regulation, Part 1 (IRR-1) for Green Infrastructures in pursuant to Section 24 of SP 1917 S-2009 - "An Ordinance Requiring the Design, Construction or Retrofitting of Buildings, Other Structures and Movable Properties to Meet Minimum Standards of a Green Infrastructure, Providing Incentives thereof and for Other Purposes" also known as the "Green Building Ordinance of 2009". (click on the links below for full text)

 

green_building_cover_thumbImplementing Rules and Regulation (full text)

Annex A (Inspection and Evaluation Procedures)

Annex B (Green Building Rating System)

Annex C (Standard Certification Issuance)

Annex D (Preliminary Application Form for Green Bldg.)

Annex E (Preliminary Ammendment Application Form for Green Bldg.)

Annex F (Final Application Form for Green Bldg.)

Annex G (Minimum Standards, Prohibited Acts and Penal Provisions)

Annex I (ORDINANCE NO. SP-1940 SERIES 2009)

Last Updated on Wednesday, 30 November 2016 01:13
 

What LEED Is

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USGBC - Leed CertificationLEED, or Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design, is redefining the way we think about the places where we live, work and learn. As an internationally recognized mark of excellence, LEED provides building owners and operators with a framework for identifying and implementing practical and measurable green building design, construction, operations and maintenance solutions.

With nearly 9 billion square feet of building space participating in the suite of rating systems and 1.6 million feet certifying per day around the world, LEED is transforming the way built environments are designed, constructed, and operated --- from individual buildings and homes, to entire neighborhoods and communities. Comprehensive and flexible, LEED works throughout a building's  life cycle.

LEED certification provides independent, third-party verification that a building, home or community was designed and built using strategies aimed at achieving high performance in key areas of human and environmental health: sustainable site development, water savings, energy efficiency, materials selection and indoor environmental quality.

Developed by the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) in 2000, the LEED rating systems are developed through an open, consensus-based process led by LEED committees. The next update of the LEED rating system, coined LEED 2012, is the next step in the continuous improvement process and on-going development cycle of LEED.

Architect Scott M. Kemp designed the house in Ladner, British Columbia, Canada. Houses are designed as small as possible but allow for maximum flexibility – including the adaptation of the use of the aging population and the subsequent reduced mobility. The design combines the features of sustainability and the house has achieved Platinum LEED rating from the Canada Green Building Council. Houses envisioned as a simple shelter – provide protection from the elements while maximizing the connection to the natural environment of the river, by breaking down barriers of space / indoor outdoor. Transparency through the building to maximize exposure to resolve conflicts with a view to the north of the desire for maximum sunlight.

Last Updated on Wednesday, 21 March 2012 22:49 Read more...
 

Thermal Mass Housing / Garbage Warrior

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Thermal mass housing

Garbage Warrior (2007), directed by Oliver Hodge

Jay Bernard

Architect Michael Reynolds wants to save the world and believes he can do this through ‘self-heating, self-regulating’ houses. The film is a welcome breath of fresh air in a climate that collocates any discussion about alternative approaches to the environment with pointless schemes such as ‘offsetting’ your carbon footprint or scratchy handwriting that appeals to tweedy, green-wellied middle Englanders.

Garbage Warrior begins with Michael Reynolds digging in the middle of the desert, packing mud into a tyre. This is one of the methods he has come up with for harnessing one of the central concepts in the film: thermal mass. Reynolds believes that by mastering it, he can set himself and others free. He builds houses using beer cans, empty petrol cans, tyres and borrowed trucks. In the middle of the desert, he has created a collection of quirky houses, each an improvement on the last.

There is no reason for Reynolds’ vision to be limited to hippies – which is a recurring concern, when his major point is so pertinent. As I write, the papers are filled with bleak forecasts about the housing shortage, about the property boom coming to an end, about young people not being able to get on to the ladder, about the possibility of people losing their homes. Most of us have nothing to do with the economic forces that determine our livelihoods. It is largely accepted that faceless traders, brokers and other businessmen create – or at least stimulate – the conditions in which the rest of us must survive. The question Garbage Warrior is asking is ‘why should I be tied to this system?

Last Updated on Friday, 13 May 2011 22:15 Read more...
 

China Green Buildings - EcoBlocks

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EcoBlocks
EcoBlocks aim to be mass replicable, economically viable, and nearly entirely resource self-sufficient communities. EcoBlocks are an alternative way to meet the huge and growing demand for urban space in China, currently filled by inefficient and wasteful apartment blocks. The EcoBlock concept is still a only a concept, but it’s creator Harrison Fraker, former dean of the UC Berkeley School of Architecture, has worked with Arup to prove the concept and is in talks with various Chinese cities to build an EcoBlock. The slide show below is Professor Fraker’s full introduction to the concept, and I will focus on a few key slides in my post today.
    
Harrison Fraker- EcoBlocks
 
Whole Systems Design
Professor Fraker has done a masterful job of using whole systems thinking to design the EcoBlock. As the schematic below shows, the EcoBlock considers the many interactions between the energy, water, and waste systems. The anaerobic digester is a prime example: water used to flush the toilets goes into the septic tank as waste, which then goes through the digester where it is turned into energy. This is an interesting example of “waste equals food”, a concept Will McDonough and Michael Bruangart champion in Cradle to Cradle.

whole_systems_thinking

The upshot of this whole systems thinking is a development that is almost entirely self-sufficient from a resource perspective. As the chart below shows, thanks to significant energy efficiency measures and on-site generation, EcoBlocks is a net-zero energy community and doesn’t need to be connected to the grid.
Last Updated on Tuesday, 01 February 2011 00:15 Read more...
 

What is Earthship?

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Earthship

The design used with most earthships. A large series of windows characterise the earthsheltered building and the use of tires
A somewhat customized earthship built at Rio Arriba County, New Mexico, USA and shot from the side

 

An Earthship is a type of passive solar home made of natural and recycled materials. Designed and marketed by Earthship Biotecture of Taos, New Mexico, the homes are primarily constructed to work autonomously and are generally made of earth-filled tires, using thermal mass construction to naturally regulate indoor temperature. They also usually have their own special natural ventilation system. Earthships are generally Off-the-grid homes, minimizing their reliance on public utilities and fossil fuels.

The original Earthships' designs were at first very experimental, but with practice and evolution the houses began looking attractive.

Earthships are built to utilize the available local resources, especially energy from the Sun. For example, windows on sun-facing walls admit lighting and heating, and the buildings are often horseshoe-shaped to maximize natural light and solar-gain during winter months. The thick, dense inner walls provide thermal mass that naturally regulates the interior temperature during both cold and hot outside temperatures.

Internal, non-load-bearing walls are often made of a honeycomb of recycled cans joined by concrete and are referred to as tin can walls. These walls are usually thickly plastered with stucco.

The roof of an Earthship is heavily insulated – often with earth or adobe – for added energy efficiency.

History

a bottle wall of an Earthship bathroom

The Earthship, as it exists today, began to take shape in the 1970s. Mike Reynolds, founder of Earthship Biotecture, a company that specializes in designing and building Earthships, wanted to create a home that would do three things; first, it would be sustainable, using material indigenous to the entire planet as well as recycled materials wherever possible. Second, the homes would rely on natural energy sources and be independent from the “grid”, therefore being less susceptible to natural disasters and free from the electrical and water lines that Reynolds considered unsightly and wasteful. Finally, it would be economically feasible for the average person with no specialized construction skills to be able to create.

Eventually, Reynolds' vision took the form of the common U-shaped earth-filled tire homes seen today. As a concept, the Earthship was not limited to tires – any dense material with a potential for thermal mass, such as concrete, adobe, or stone could theoretically be used to create an Earthship. However, the earth-rammed tire version of the Earthship is now the most common design, and is usually the only structure referred to as “Earthship”.

Earthships are made of Earth-rammed tires, bottles and cans

 

 

Unlike other materials, rammed-earth tires are more accessible to the average person. Scrap tires are ubiquitous around the world and easy to come by; there are an estimated 2 billion tires throughout the United States. As of 1996, as many as 253 million scrap tires were being generated each year in the United States, with 70% being reclaimed by the scrap tire market (leaving perhaps 75 million scrap tires available for reuse as whole tires).[1] In addition to the availability of scrap tires, the method by which they are converted into usable "bricks", the ramming of the earth, is simple and affordable.

Last Updated on Saturday, 08 March 2014 00:13 Read more...
 
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